Hair transplant in India are very popular these days . Celebrities as well as common man facing problem of hair fall & the best solution for this problem is hair transplant surgery. There are many causes of scalp hair loss, and they do differ in men and women. Human hair naturally grows in three phases: anagen, catagen, and telogen. Anagen is the active or growing phase. Catagen is a fairly short phase of the natural hair cycle during which hairs begin to break down. Telogen is the resting phase. The hairs that are shed daily are often in the resting or late phase in the hair cycle. Normally, about 10% of the scalp hairs are in the resting or telogen phase at any time. These hairs are not growing and are getting prepared for cyclic shedding.
Alopecia or baldness is caused by numerous factors such as aging, genetic predisposition, disease, lack of vitamins,tensions, pollution and drugs in the midst of other factors. It is common for a person to lose between 50 and 70 strands on a daily base. However, when the loss surpasses the average of 200 strands the one needs to consider the hair care precautions.
Hair fall and hair growth is an ongoing process. 50-100 hair loss per day is considered to be normal. Lot of factors is implicated in temporary hair loss. For hair loss problem, stress, diet, smoking, contact with chlorinated water and many other factors needs to be looked into. Minoxidil and finasteride are the two commonly used medications for hair loss. The role of medicine is limited and they are not of much help in the areas which have already developed baldness. The action is also temporary and it needs to be continued if the response is good. Mesotherapy and light therapy is also being used for hair growth but they are not FDA approved.
Scalp Hair Transplants
Hair transplantation is the only permanent method of restoration of hair. Follicular unit transplantation (FUT) is the gold standard method.
Hair naturally grows, in clusters of one, two, three, and sometimes four hairs, these clusters are called “follicular hair units. This procedure of FUT exactly transfers same pattern of units from donor area to recipient bald area. Up to 2000 grafts can be transplanted in one session. Hair growth is exactly like normal hair and indistinguishable from existing hair.
FUT involves transplantation of hair follicles in its naturaly occuring groups. The basis of hair transplantation is based on the fact that occipital hair ( back of the scalp) is never lost and more importantly they retains this property when they are transplanted to any other site. The procedrue is done under local anesthesia and the duration can vary from 5-10 hrs depending on the numbers of FUT transplanted. The transplanted hairs starts growing in 8-10 weeks time. Follicular unit transplantion is used for restoration of hair in baldness, hairline correction, increasing the density in hair thinning, correction of previously done punch grafting, lowering of frontal hairline, eyebrow corrrection,eyelash, beard and moustache transplant. Scalp shampoo can be started form 3-4th day onwards.You can resume your normal activities from the next day onwards. You have to avoid busy places, swimming and strenous activities or exercise for 2-3 weeks. The common side effects are: forehead swelling which disappears by day 5-6, parasthesia at the operated site which settles by 3mths.