Hair baldness is primarily caused by a combination of aging, a change in hormones, and a family history of baldness. As a rule, the earlier hair loss begins, the more severe the baldness will become. Hair loss can also be caused by burns or trauma, in which case hair replacement surgery is considered a reconstructive treatment, and may be covered by health insurance.If you and your doctor have determined that hair transplants are the best option for you, you can feel comfortable knowing that board-certified plastic surgeons have been successfully performing this type of procedure for more than thirty years.
Baldness is often blamed on poor circulation to the scalp, vitamin deficiencies, dandruff, and even excessive hat-wearing. All of these theories have been disproved. It’s also untrue that hair loss can be determined by looking at your maternal grandfather, or that 40-year-old men who haven’t lost their hair will never lose it.
Hair fall and hair growth is an ongoing process. 50-100 hair loss per day is considered to be normal. Lot of factors is implicated in temporary hair loss. For hair loss problem, stress, diet, smoking, contact with chlorinated water and many other factors needs to be looked into. Minoxidil and finasteride are the two commonly used medications for hair loss. The role of medicine is limited and they are not of much help in the areas which have already developed baldness. The action is also temporary and it needs to be continued if the response is good. Mesotherapy and light therapy is also being used for hair growth but they are not FDA approved.
Scalp Hair Transplants
Hair transplantation is the only permanent method of restoration of hair. Follicular unit transplantation (FUT) is the gold standard method. FUT involves transplantation of hair follicles in its naturaly occuring groups. The basis of hair transplantation is based on the fact that occipital hair ( back of the scalp) is never lost and more importantly they retains this property when they are transplanted to any other site. The procedrue is done under local anesthesia and the duration can vary from 5-10 hrs depending on the numbers of FUT transplanted. The transplanted hairs starts growing in 8-10 weeks time. Follicular unit transplantion is used for restoration of hair in baldness, hairline correction, increasing the density in hair thinning, correction of previously done punch grafting, lowering of frontal hairline, eyebrow corrrection,eyelash, beard and moustache transplant. Scalp shampoo can be started form 3-4th day onwards.You can resume your normal activities from the next day onwards. You have to avoid busy places, swimming and strenous activities or exercise for 2-3 weeks. The common side effects are: forehead swelling which disappears by day 5-6, parasthesia at the operated site which settles by 3mths.